How Can the American Rescue Plan Act Help Your Family?
Beyond the direct stimulus payments, the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) has a number of additional benefits for families.
The temporary expansion of the Child Tax Credit and the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit as well as help with health insurance premiums offers significant assistance.
Get the details and talk to a tax advisor to see if these changes will benefit you and your family.
With most eligible individuals having already received their $1,400 stimulus payments, it's easy to overlook some of the other benefits of the recent American Rescue Plan. Of course, the extra money up front will make a significant difference to many struggling families. And even if you're caught up on your bills, these economic impact payments could be a welcome boost to your emergency fund—or to your investments.
But beyond the stimulus payments, the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) has a number of additional benefits for families that I want to highlight. Even if some don't apply to you, for instance if you don't have minor children, you might be able to pass on the information to family and friends who could take advantage of them. Here are some I think are worth noting.
More money for the Child Tax Credit in 2021—and a new way to get it
Parents with minor children get a big increase in the Child Tax Credit—from the previous $2,000 per child up to age 16 to $3,000 for kids 6-17, and $3,600 for kids under 6. Plus, this credit is now fully refundable, meaning it reduces your tax bill dollar for dollar and any amount over your tax bill will be refunded to you in cash. Beginning in July through December 2021, parents are scheduled to receive the credit in monthly payments (which would amount to half the yearly credit) and apply the remainder to their 2021 taxes.
Of course, there are income limitations for the expanded credit (they phase out beginning at $75,000 for single filers; $150,000 married filing jointly), but for those who qualify, it offers a welcome boost. For example, a family with married parents filing jointly, three kids ages 5, 9 and 12 and adjusted gross income (AGI) of $125,000 would get a fully refundable tax credit of $9,600—with monthly payments of $800 for the 2nd half of 2021. In other words, individuals eligible for a 2021 Child Tax Credit will receive advance payments of the credit through monthly payments from July 1 to December 31, 2021. This change will allow families to receive the benefit sooner rather than waiting until the 2022 tax filing season to receive it.
Higher earners (topping out at $200,000 for single filers; $400,000 married filing jointly) are still eligible for the regular child tax credit of $2,000 per child. Unless extended, the child tax credit rules for 2022 will revert back to those in place for 2020.
Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit maximums and income limits increased for this year
In another welcome increase for parents, the maximum expenses used to calculate child and dependent care tax credit for kids under 13 goes up to $8,000 for one child; $16,000 for multiple children. Plus, the maximum percentage you can receive increases from the current 35 percent to 50 percent of expenses—and the credit is fully refundable. On top of that, the AGI limit for eligible families to receive the full credit increases to $125,000 with the credit phasing out between $125,000 and $400,000.
So adding on to the example above, if that same family with three kids was paying $24,000 annually for childcare, the parents could claim the full $16,000 maximum for expenses and get an $8,000 (50% x $16,000) Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit in addition to the $9,600 Child Tax Credit.
This tax credit also applies to other qualified dependents.
Temporary assistance with health insurance premiums
Paying for quality healthcare is another big concern for families, especially if you’ve lost coverage through a job due to the pandemic. Here are two ways the ARPA can help:
- COBRA subsidies for laid-off workers—From April 1 through September 30, 2021, the government will provide 100 percent premium assistance for eligible unemployed individuals to help them keep their previous employer-sponsored health insurance.
- Premium caps for ACA health insurance—Individuals who buy health insurance through the federal exchange or state marketplaces will have premiums capped at 8.5 percent of income, replacing prior income caps through 2022. This will allow more people to qualify for healthcare subsidies called premium tax credits.
Get the details and talk to a tax advisor
The ARPA offers more benefits for families—including the expansion of the Retirement Savers and Earned Income Tax Credits, emergency housing/rental assistance and more—but the details go beyond the scope of this column. You can get more information from the U.S Department of the Treasury.
Also, be aware that while you don't have to file a tax return to get the economic stimulus payment, you do need to file to get a tax refund or qualify for any refundable tax credits. I'd suggest talking to a tax advisor who can help you understand and take full advantage of the benefits that apply to you.
This past year the pandemic has threatened people's financial health as well as their physical health. The good news is that there is a wide range of assistance available. Get the information you need and pass it on to those you care about. It could go a long way in providing help and hope as we look to a brighter future.
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The information provided here is for general informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for specific individualized tax, legal or investment planning advice. Where specific advice is necessary or appropriate, consult with a qualified tax advisor, CPA, financial planner or investment manager.