Real Estate Sector Rating: Neutral

The Real Estate sector includes equity real estate investment trusts (REITs) and real estate management and development.

The fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic continues to be a source of uncertainty for the Real Estate sector, but mass vaccinations and relaxed restrictions on public gatherings have reduced investor pessimism. The outlook for office REITs is likely to be uncertain until it becomes clear whether there will be an enduring shift toward remote working—although the recent trend appears to be for most workers to eventually return to the office. Nevertheless, increases in office building inventories are likely to weigh on lease prices and potentially property valuations.

Warehouse/distribution center demand remains strong, resulting in rising rents. And with the rapid rise in home prices amid low interest rates and de-urbanization, REITs specializing in single-family home rentals and manufactured homes have benefited; this is translating into higher multi-family rents, as well. If the economic expansion continues, workers return to offices, and interest rates stay relatively low, the Real Estate sector could do very well. In a generally still-low interest rate environment combined with renewed demand for office and retail space, investors' search for yield and moderate valuations could be a strong tailwind for the sector. However, this sector is very sensitive to rising interest rates, and historically underperformed most other sectors when the Fed begins raising interest rates.

The Russian invasion of Ukraine in late February, and the ongoing political response, has clouded our outlook on equity sectors. Due to the unprecedented and volatile series of events, the economic and market landscape has become highly uncertain.

Until there is more clarity on how the sharp rise in commodity prices, tightening of financial conditions, and likely Federal Reserve interest rate hikes might impact the economy and underlying fundamentals that drive relative sector performance, we think it’s prudent to maintain sector allocations that are in line with the overall market.

Positives for the sector:

  • Low interest rates are positive for funding, and make REITs’ traditionally high dividends more attractive to investors
  • Warehouse, data center and telecom towers are benefiting from technology and e-commerce trends
  • Single-family residential REITs segments are seeing strong demand and rising rents, which is translating into higher multi-family rents
  • Long-term demographics support recovery in extended-care and assisted-living facilities

Negatives for the sector:

  • Higher interest rates are a significant headwind for this highly leveraged sector
  • Long-term shift to e-commerce from brick-and-mortar stores puts retail REIT revenues at risk
  • Short-term uncertainty exists about workers returning to the office
  • Traditionally defensive characteristics in a rising market

Risks for the sector:

  • A quicker-than-expected rise in interest rates could be a sharp headwind
  • A permanent rise in work-from-home could reduce demand for office real estate

What do the ratings mean?

The sectors we analyze are from the widely recognized Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS®) groupings. After a review of risks and opportunities, we give each stock sector one of the following ratings:

  • Outperform: likely to perform better than the broader stock market*
  • Underperform: likely to perform worse than the broader stock market*
  • Neutral: no current view on likely relative performance


* As represented by the S&P 500 index

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Important Disclosures

Schwab Sector Views do not represent a personalized recommendation of a particular investment strategy to you. You should not buy or sell an investment without first considering whether it is appropriate for you and your portfolio. Additionally, you should review and consider any recent market news.

All expressions of opinion are subject to change without notice in reaction to shifting market conditions. Data contained herein from third-party providers is obtained from what are considered reliable sources. However, its accuracy, completeness or reliability cannot be guaranteed. Supporting documentation for any claims or statistical information is available upon request.

Forecasts contained herein are for illustrative purposes only, may be based upon proprietary research and are developed through analysis of historical public data.

Indexes are unmanaged, do not incur management fees, costs and expenses and cannot be invested in directly. For more information on indexes please see

Past performance is no guarantee of future results and the opinions presented cannot be viewed as an indicator of future performance.

Investing involves risk including loss of principal.

Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs): Risks of REITs are similar to those associated with direct ownership of real estate, such as changes in real estate values and property taxes, interest rates, cash flow of underlying real estate assets, supply and demand, and the management skill and creditworthiness of the issuer. Investing in REITs may pose additional risks such as real estate industry risk, interest rate risk, risks related to the uncertainty of and compliance with certain tax regime rules, and liquidity risk.

The policy analysis provided by the Charles Schwab and Co., Inc., does not constitute and should not be interpreted as an endorsement of any political party.

Commodity-related products, including futures, carry a high level of risk and are not suitable for all investors. Commodity‐related products may be extremely volatile, illiquid and can be significantly affected by underlying commodity prices, world events, import controls, worldwide competition, government regulations, and economic conditions, regardless of the length of time shares are held.

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